The President of Haiti, Jovenel Moïse, was assassinated this Wednesday by armed men who carried out an assault on his residence yesterday morning in the Pelerin district of Port-au-Prince, as the Prime Minister reported this morning, Claude Joseph. The first lady, Martine Moïse, who was hospitalized, was shot dead during the assault, according to a statement signed by Joseph. The president called for calm the population and assured that both the police and the army are responsible for maintaining order.
Son of a merchant and a seamstress, Jovenel Moïse gave an interview to this newspaper last February, in a country where tension was rising from week to week. To the political crisis is added a year of fear due to the coronavirus pandemic, hurricanes and the wave of violence and kidnappings that have satiated a population that has more weapons than ever in its power, as they l ’emphasized. the experts at MRT.
The political origin of the conflict in Haiti, a Caribbean country of 11.2 million inhabitants, can be found in the convulsive elections of 2015. Michel Martelly ended his mandate, but the chaotic elections called forced the appointment of a acting president of another party, until the electoral authority recognized the victory of Moses a year later. For the opposition, his government began the day Martelly left power and accused him of being a “dictator” for ruling by decree for a year.
“My mandate began on February 7, 2017 and ends on February 7, 2022. I will pass power to its owner, who is the Haitian people. Corrupt oligarchs accustomed to controlling presidents, ministers, parliament and the judiciary think they can take over the presidency, but there is only one way: elections. And I will not participate in these elections, ”said Moïse in the same interview.
More than 150 people were killed and 200 others kidnapped between June 1 and June 30 in the metropolitan area of Port-au-Prince, a report from the Center for Human Rights Analysis and Research (CARDH) revealed on Tuesday. “The country is besieged by armed bands which spread terror, assassinations, kidnappings, rapes (…) Port-au-Prince is besieged in the south, north and east. We are witnessing an increasingly passive society while the country is under siege, ”lamented the organization in a document.
At least six foreigners have been kidnapped, bringing the total to 20 in the first half of 2021. Three departments are isolated from the rest of the country, according to this report, which speaks of “the hegemony of crime in Haiti”. From January 1 to June 21, 30 police officers were killed against 26 in 2020, according to the NGO, which maintains that some are mutilated, missing, kidnapped, tortured, etc.
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